Djibouti has a 2-5-4-3 formal education structure. There are two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of four and is referred to as enseignement préscolaire (privé). Primary school, which is known as enseignement fondamental: enseignement de base, has an official entry age of six and a duration of five grades. At the end of the cycle, students receive the certificat de fin de l`enseignement de base (CEFEB). Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as enseignement fondamental: enseignement moyen général, consists of grades 6-9 and culminates in the brevet d`enseignement fondamental (BEF); upper secondary, which is known as enseignement secondaire général, consists of grades 10-12 and culminates in the Baccalauréat (BAC Général). In addition to enseignement préscolaire (privé), there is enseignement préscolaire (publique), which has an official entry age of five and lasts one year. Djibouti also has two upper secondary vocational education tracks (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2014 school year).